Golden Pavilion – Shariden

Golden Pavilion - Shariden

舎利-殿 =Shari-den: Shari means “remains of Buddha“, Shariden is the place where keep the remains of Buddha.

The Golden Pavilion, Kinkaku(Shariden) is so outstanding and well-known that this temple called as Kinkaku-ji as like nickname, but the official name is Rokuon-ji.
* you can not go and see inside of the Golden Pavilion, just outside appearance.

舎利殿 説明

1st Floor – The style of Noble residence, called as Shindenzukuri
2nd Floor – The style of Samurai residence, called as Shoinzukuri
3rd Floor – The style of Zen Buddhism, Zenshubutsudenzukuri
and in 3rd floor room, Buddha Shari (remains of Buddha) is enshrined.

This Era, Muromachi period, with Yoshimutsu’s Shogunate, Kitayama Culture prospered with this temple compound(Kitayama-den), which are mixture of the noble class and samurai class culture and Zen Buddhism. *Kitayama literally means North Mountain.

金閣一階 法水院

1st floor, named as 法水院(Hosuiin)
This floor is the noble residence style from the Heian period which is called as 寝殿造り(Shinden Zukuri). The boat can be brought alongside the room.
Inside the room, the Gautama Buddha sitting in the middle and the 3rd of Ashikaga Shogun, Yoshimitsu, who is the founder of this temple, is sitting next to Buddha.

潮音洞

2nd Floor, named as 潮音洞ちょうおんどう(Choondo)
This floor is the Samurai residence style which is called as 書院造り(Shoin Zukuri).
Kannon Boddisattva is sitting in the middle surrounded by 四天王してんのう(Shitenno) four guardian kings.
Kannon Boddhisattva is the god of mercy and Shitenno are the guardian for four direction, East, South, West, North.

くっきょうちょう

3rd Floor, named as 究竟頂
くっきょうちょう
(Kukkyoucho)
This floor is the Zen Buddhism style, Kato-mado (Floor shaped window) is one of the characteristic of Zen Buddhism. Floor is painted with black lacquer and the ceiling and wall are pasted with gold foils.

In the middle, the remains of the Buddha(Busshari) is enshrined.

鳳凰

鳳凰ほうおう(Ho-o) is Chinese Phoenix is the mythological bird which is symbol of eternal life and power. In Japan it is also the symbol of guardian deity. Thus the phoenix was set at top of roof as the guardian for the temple and pray for everlasting prosperity. However there is another theory, as it is said that the phoenix comes when there is the virtuous Emperor appear, as symbol of power, the phoenix was set as meant like Yoshimitsu himself deserves to be the Emperor.

金閣寺(英文版) - The Temple of the Golden Pavilion | 三島 由紀夫, Yukio Mishima, イバン モリス, Ivan Morris |本 | 通販 | Amazon
Amazonで三島 由紀夫, Yukio Mishima, イバン モリス, Ivan Morrisの金閣寺(英文版) - The Temple of the Golden Pavilion。アマゾンならポイント還元本が多数。三島 由紀夫, Yukio Mishima, イバン モリス, Ivan Morris作品ほか...

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